It is a procedure in which the uterus is fully removed laparoscopically. This is done with the aid of a telescope and very fine instruments, through a small incision in the abdomen to ensure minimal scarring and faster recovery.
The advantages over the conventional hysterectomy are that there is much less pain due to minimal tissue handling and lesser chances of adhesion formation after the operation. The laparoscopic procedure requires only 3-4 very small incisions in the abdomen of 0.5-1.0 cm as opposed to the conventional procedure that calls for 10-15 cm incisions. It results in less blood loss and fewer chances of wound infection with decreased hospital stay and early recovery.