Ovarian cysts can be simple cysts that are only fluid collections or complicated ones that require removal. Simple cysts may not require removal unless the size is big or unless it is indicated by your doctor. Complicated cysts on the other hand will require removal.
Depending on the age of the patient and relevant investigations, only the cyst will be removed. However, in some cases, the entire ovary may be removed. This can be done laparoscopically through a small incision above the belly button and two other small incisions of 5mm each, on either side of the abdomen. A telescope is inserted to visualize the cyst, and depending on the size and appearance, the cyst can be removed