Laparoscopy for Infertility

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Laparoscopy for Infertility

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Laparoscopy for Infertility

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that involves the insertion of a narrow telescope through a small incision in the belly button. It allows visualization of the abdominal and pelvic organs including the area of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Through this procedure, we can determine whether there are any defects or abnormalities of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

This procedure can also be used to identify other pathologies like endometriosis, ovarian cysts, fibroids, and tubal blocks. If any defects are found, they can sometimes be corrected with operative laparoscopy which involves placing instruments through small 5 mm incisions in the abdomen on either side.

Laparoscopy for Infertility

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is laparoscopy done for an infertility evaluation ?

Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that allows a doctor to see inside the body. When the procedure is part of fertility testing, the doctor is evaluating the structures of the reproductive system, including the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus.

What is the advantage of having a laparoscopy ?

Laparoscopy can help a doctor diagnose many conditions that affect fertility, such as:

  • Endometriosis
  • Blocked fallopian tubes
  • Fibroids
  • Other abnormalities of the reproductive system
When is laparoscopy done for infertility ?

Your doctor may suggest laparoscopic surgery to help diagnose a cause for infertility .it is usually performed only after other infertility testing has been completed or if your symptoms or scan findings warrants laparoscopy.

How will my tubes be checked in laparoscopy ?

A dye is injected through the cervix (mouth of the womb),the tubes are then checked for filling and spilling of the dye from the tubal opening.

What happens when i have blocked tubes on testing ?

You will need a laparoscopy to confirm the tubal block, if tubal block is confirmed on laparoscopy  ,a procedure is done to release the block, thus increasing the chances of spontaneous pregnancy.

What happens when i am diagnosed with fibroid uterus ?

If your fibroids are distorting the cavity of  womb  or in the inner lining of the womb, it will interfere with pregnancy and needs to be removed. If your fibroids are large in size or many in number or if you have symptoms, it requires a surgical removal to have a increased pregnancy success rate.

What is endometriosis and how is that treated in laparoscopy ?

Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the inner lining of the womb is found elsewhere .it causes infertility.

Laparoscopy is the best test to diagnose endometriosis .if you have endometriotic cysts , it can be removed ,endometriotic spots can be removed or destroyed, adhesions  can be released improving the fertility chances.

What to expect after laparoscopy ?

You will feel some amount of pain after surgery, you will be advised pain killers .

Once the cause is identified and treated during laparoscopic surgery , the fertility doctor will advise would advise treatment based on the cause.

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