Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure that involves the insertion of a narrow telescope through a small incision in the belly button. It allows visualization of the abdominal and pelvic organs including the area of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Through this procedure, we can determine whether there are any defects or abnormalities of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
This procedure can also be used to identify other pathologies like endometriosis, ovarian cysts, fibroids, and tubal blocks. If any defects are found, they can sometimes be corrected with operative laparoscopy which involves placing instruments through small 5 mm incisions in the abdomen on either side.